July 2021 – Jean Gabin: The Great Face of French Cinema
July at CinemaLit highlights the work of Jean Gabin (1904-1976), one of the acting treasures of twentieth century French cinema. We're featuring four of his most enduring films spanning 35 years. Each film has some relationship to the criminal underworld, where Gabin's characters lived on one or another side of the law. Port of Shadows (1938) arrived during his early peak period, while Touchez pas au Grisbi (1954) gives us an older Gabin, authoritative yet vulnerable. Maigret Sets a Trap (1958) is the first of three entertaining films Gabin made as the detective Jules Maigret, and Two Men in Town (1973) is a biting drama of crime and punishment made at the end of his life.
Jean Gabin was born Jean-Alexis Moncorgé to café owning entertainer parents, the last of seven children. School didn't much agree with him, and he dabbled in show business before joining the military. Following his service in the French navy, he went on the stage, primarily as a singer at the Moulin Rouge and elsewhere, in a style made popular by Maurice Chevalier.
Gabin began appearing in silent films in the late 1920s, transitioning to talkies with little notice. His breakthrough came with Maria Chapdalaine in 1934. Major stardom was swift, as he appeared in a succession of outstanding films through the 1930s that burnished his standing as a romantic yet morally complex leading man: La Bandera, Pépé le Moko, La Grande Illusion, La Bête Humaine, and Le Quai des Brumes (Port of Shadows).
Atypically handsome, Gabin was blessed with an eloquent hound-dog face that could project a myriad of emotions without affect or artifice. Often cast as sardonic loners, one actress bemoaned costarring with him. She had a long dramatic speech to deliver while he stayed in the frame. Gabin simply listened, but she knew all eyes would be on him.
Gabin fought with the Allies in North Africa during World War II and was decorated for valorous conduct. He resumed film work in the mid-1940s, but times had changed. Encroaching middle age, poor choice of projects, and an ill advised on-screen pairing with lover Marlene Dietrich resulted in a career slump. A failed attempt at Hollywood stardom added to his downward spiral.
He enjoyed a great comeback with Jacques Becker's Touchez pas au Grisbi (Don't Touch the Loot) in 1954. He sustained renewed popularity with a series of three films as Georges Simenon's world weary detective Jules Maigret, including the well made whodunit Maigret Tend un Piège (Maigret Sets a Trap) in 1958. In 1973, he made the crime drama Deux Hommes dans la Ville (Two Men in Town) with Alain Delon.
Gabin made over 90 films, working with fellow giants such as directors René Clement, Max Ophüls, and Jean Renoir, and actors Jean-Pierre Aumont, Danielle Darrieux, Jeanne Moreau, Brigitte Bardot, Jean-Paul Belmondo, and Simone Signoret. At the end of his life, he was happily married, reduced his film output, bought a farm in Normandy, and raised trotting horses. Gabin died of leukemia in 1976 at age 72. By then, he was elevated to national hero. His remains were cremated, and scattered at sea from a naval ship with full military honors.
July 30 – Two Men in Town (1973) – 99 minutes
In Two Men in Town (Deux Hommes dans la Ville), Jean Gabin plays a compassionate social worker helping a bank robber newly released from prison get a footing in society again. But there are men on both sides of the law who see him as an ongoing threat as long as he walks free.
Corsican born director-screenwriter José Giovanni, a pseudonym of Joseph Damiani, knew the French system of justice firsthand. As a young man, he had been sentenced to death by guillotine for his gang involvement in three murders. He was pardoned by President Vincent Auriol, and sentenced instead to hard labor for life. His sentence was reduced, and he was released from prison in 1956 after serving nearly twelve years. From there he became a prolific novelist, and as his books were bought for film adaptations, he turned to screenwriting and directing.
Though Giovanni directed Two Men in Town costar Alain Delon multiple times, this was his only feature film with Jean Gabin. By 1973, Gabin had grown silver-haired, jowly, and gravel-voiced, but he had lost not a trace of his movie star magnetism. Giovanni's film is in color, and we're given the added treat of taking in close-ups of Gabin's piercing blue eyes. It's also refreshing to see him cast as a devoted family man working for prison reform from within the system.
Two Men in Town, also featuring a young Gerard Depardieu in a minor role, has an agenda. Though his politics leaned right, Giovanni abhorred capital punishment. That position is made very clear in Two Men in Town. The death penalty was abolished in France in 1981.
Matthew Kennedy, CinemaLit’s curator, has written biographies of Marie Dressler, Joan Blondell, and Edmund Goulding. His book Roadshow! The Fall of Film Musicals in the 1960s, was the basis of a film series on Turner Classic Movies.
“I don't have a favorite film,” Matthew says. "I find that my relationships to films, actors, genres, and directors change as I change over the years. Some don't hold up. Some look more profound, as though I've caught up with their artistry. I feel that way about Garbo, Cary Grant, director John Cassavetes, and others."
“Classic films have historical context, something only time can provide,” Matt observes. “They become these great cultural artifacts, so revealing of tastes, attitudes, and assumptions.”
INSTRUCTIONS FOR JOINING THE CINEMALIT SALON
First watch the selected film on Kanopy. All you will need is either a Mechanics' Institute library card, or a San Francisco Public Library card, which will give you access to Kanopy and its treasure trove of movies. Make a reservation for our CinemaLit Salon as usual via Eventbrite and watch the film on Kanopy at your leisure. You will receive a link to the Friday night CinemaLit salon on Zoom one day in advance, and then an additional reminder roughly two hours in advance. On the night of the salon click the Zoom link and join us.
If you do not receive a Zoom Link by 4:00 PM on the day of the event, contact Pam Troy at [email protected]
Mechanics’ Institute members can now sign up for FREE access to Kanopy, a wonderful film streaming service. To sign up:
1. Click on THIS LINK.
2. Click on the large orange login button that reads, “Log in to milibrary.”
3. Enter the 14-digit bar code from your MI Library card
4. Set up your account following Kanopy’s instructions, including your email and a password.
5. Kanopy will send verification to your email address.
You’ll be able to choose from a wonderful selection of films, including classics, pre-code, foreign films, and documentaries, including the films we’ve scheduled this month for CinemaLit.
If you are not a Mechanics’ Institute member, consider membership and click HERE to join online:
Or, you can check with your public library to see if they are Kanopy members. If so, you may use your public library card to set up a Kanopy account.
Register with Eventbrite below.
If the green TICKET button is not immediately visible, scroll down on the right in the Eventbrite window until it appears.
Future CinemaLit Films
Sep 24 - 6:00pm
Oct 1 - 6:00pm
Oct 8 - 6:00pm
Oct 15 - 6:00pm
Oct 22 - 6:00pm